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How ISRO customized a lunar orbiter into Mars orbiter Mangalyaan, India’s ‘Moon Guy’ recalls

How ISRO customized a lunar orbiter into Mars orbiter Mangalyaan, India’s ‘Moon Guy’ recalls

New Delhi: The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was dealing with Chandrayaan-2 (their second lunar expedition mission) around 2011 with the Russian area agency but had to shelve the then plan due to Russia backing out. Finally, this objective was planned as Chandrayaan-2 that ended up being modified and launched as the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOMMY) or Mangalyaan in 2013, exposed ISRO’s veteran satellite home builder and the previous Director of UR Rao Satellite Center Dr. Mylswamy Annadurai.

Dr. Annadurai, who presently works as Vice President of the Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology, elaborated on his journey at ISRO and the projects he has been carrying out while essentially addressing school students Shaastra Juniors, hosted by IIT Madras.

“After the efficiency of Chandrayaan-1, which discovered evidence of water on the lunar surface area during its one year of operation, the Indian Space agency was working on Chandrayaan-2 together with the Russians,” Dr. Annadurai said.

“ISRO was to make a customized orbiter, and Russia was to come up with a lander. However, it so took place that the Russians backed out, specifying that they had to customize their lander,” he included.

While the Russians had actually gone back with concerns delivering the lander, India still had an orbiter ready; however, also knew that making a lander in-house would take another 7-8 years. That was when the concept of utilizing the existing orbiter to satisfy another objective struck the ISRO team.

“We cant attempt Mars every year; the opportunity arises once in 26 months. Russians backed out in late-2011, and we had a shot at Mars in 2013-end. We chose to put our existing lander to utilize and alter the destination – Mars rather of Moon. With the brief time we had at hand, we modified the hardware and software of our lunar orbiter to carry out like a Martian orbiter,” Dr. Annadurai thought back.

He included that the lessons from the temporary Chandrayaan-1 and in-depth analyses of what had gone wrong with other nations’ attempts to go into Martian orbit had actually proved invaluable for their group.

“It is always a matter of pride that India was successful in its maiden attempt at going into Martian orbit, and this was accomplished at a small budget,” he stated enthusiastically.

Speaking of how ISRO’s launch calendar had actually evolved for many years, Dr. Annadurai said that its capacity-building efforts had actually come a long way – from one satellite launch in four years to 30 satellites in 3 years (during 2015-18).

Urging the school students to use up difficulties and check out chances in various streams, the experienced space researcher shared anecdotes from his modest education in Tamil Nadu and his engineering college years, when he hadn’t even heard of the IITs.

Making a mention of his career, he stated that at every turning point, he had actually selected to avoid complacency and treaded, the lesser took a trip course. He elaborated on his decision to pursue Electronics and Interaction engineering, to sign up with ISRO in 1982 (when Space science was barely known), has actually developed a satellite simulator, played a major function in the structure of INSAT series of satellites and after that leading deep-space expedition objectives such as Chandrayaan and Mangalyaan.

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