The Indian Institute of Science has announced that it is working on a new way to turn biomass into green hydrogen. It is said that the technology can turn 1 kg of biomass into 100 g of hydrogen. Industries like the steel industry can use green hydrogen to remove carbon from steel and the agriculture industry to make green fertilizers.
- To decarbonize steel and produce green fertilizers for agriculture, green hydrogen can be employed in a variety of sectors.
- According to the method, one kilogram of biomass can yield 100 grams of hydrogen.
- The biomass would first be transformed into syngas, a hydrogen-rich fuel gas mixture, using a cutting-edge reactor that used steam and oxygen.
- Then, a locally constructed low-pressure gas separation device would be used to produce pure hydrogen from syngas.
- He noted that the technique is compatible with the National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap, a government of India project that seeks to encourage the use of hydrogen to lessen reliance on fossil fuels.
The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru said that a new way to make green hydrogen from biomass had been developed. It is said that the technology can turn 1 kg of biomass into 100 g of hydrogen.
Industries like the steel industry can use green hydrogen to remove carbon from steel, and the agriculture industry can make green fertilizers.
It is said that the technology can turn 1 kg of biomass into 100 g of hydrogen.
There are two steps to the process. First, oxygen and steam would be used in a new reactor to turn the biomass into syngas, which is a mixture of fuel gases that is high in hydrogen. The pure hydrogen would then be made from the syngas using an India low-pressure gas separation unit.
S Dasappa, chairman of the IISc’s Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research, said, “This homegrown technology is a step toward achieving the goal of Atmanirbhar Bharat.” He also said that the technology fits in with the National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap, a plan by the Indian government to encourage the use of hydrogen to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.
India uses almost 50 million tonnes of hydrogen for different processes in many industries, and its market is expected to grow in the future. The release said that green hydrogen could be used in industries, such as the steel industry to remove carbon from steel and the agriculture industry to make green fertilizers.
“Right now, most of the country’s hydrogen comes from fossil fuels through steam methane reforming. Dasappa said, “Now we know how to get green hydrogen from biomass.” The project was backed by the Government of India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy and the Department of Science and Technology.